WSL (Windows subsystem for Linux): a subsystem of the windows system on which the Linux operating system can be installed and run. (for example, Ubuntu, openSUSE, Kali, Debian, etc.)
It allows developers to run the GNU / Linux environment (including most command-line tools, utilities and Applications) directly on windows as is, without incurring the overhead of traditional virtual machines or dual boot settings.
Compared with traditional virtual machines, wsl2 provides more comprehensive compatibility, better interoperability with Windows systems, faster running speed and less system resources.
You must be running Windows 10 version 2004 and higher (build 19041 and higher) or windows 11.
Activate WSL service
Press Win + X to start Windows terminal (admin)
In the Windows terminal window, enter the following command to activate the WSL service:
Enter the following command to start the Linux subsystem:
dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux /all /norestart
Enter the following command to start the virtual machine platform:
dism.exe /online /enable-feature /featurename:VirtualMachinePlatform /all /norestart
Restart minipc after the operation completed successfully
Set the version of WSL to WSL2
After restarting, reopen the Windows terminal(Admin) window and enter the following command in the window
wsl --set-default-version 2
Installing Linux operating system
In the Windows terminal(Admin) window, enter:
wsl --list --online
List all installable Linux versions (such as Ubuntu, openSUSE, Kali, Debian, etc.)
Enter the following command to install ubuntu-20.04 LTS
wsl --install -d Ubuntu-20.04
Enter the following command to install Debian
wsl --install -d Debian
After installation, start Ubuntu
If an error occurs during startup: 0x800701bc
You need to download and install the latest wsl2 Linux kernel update package for x64 computers
Download link: https://wslstorestorage.blob.core.windows.net/wslblob/wsl_update_x64.msi
After downloading, double-click install
Restart Ubuntu and prompt to set user name and password
After the setup, the ubuntu-20.04 system is installed!